Pregnant graffiti in Lebanon (Wikimedia)
According to an excerpt from Randi Hutter Epstein’s book Get Me Out: A History of Childbirth From the Garden of Eden to the Sperm Bank, five hundred years ago a folk healer advised Catherine de Medici, then the queen of France, to drink mare’s urine and bathe in cow manure to increase her chances of getting pregnant. And she did it. Fortunately, you won’t need mare’s urine to treat pregnant patients with sepsis. But you will need to listen to the March EM:RAP podcast or read the PDF called Sepsis and Infections in Pregnancy by Stewart Swadron MD, Gillian Schmitz MD, Rachel Bridwell MD and Brandon Carius PA.
What are the most common infections seen in pregnancy in your region? Are vital signs good indicators during maternal and fetal resuscitation? If you don’t have much time there are five quick Take Home Points for a 30-second read.
Who Knew? Some of the earliest women’s health books were written by monks…although they would not be my first or even seventh guess as authors. One of the most popular monk guides, Women’s Secrets, or De Secretis Mulierum, has been translated from the original text into modern language by Helen Rodnite Lemay, a medieval scholar.
Steroid molecule. (Wikimedia Commons)
In Hamlet Act 3, scene 1, Shakespeare wrote; “To be, or not to be: that is the question”. Hamlets most famous soliloquy is both memorable and intriguing because he was contemplating profound ideas. Something you do every day, every shift and every hour while working…you contemplate decisions based on best practice, cutting-edge articles, and new research. One such question has haunted us for decades…to give or not to give steroids to septic patients.
Take a listen or read the August EMRAP article titled: Critical Care Mailbag: Steroids for Septic Patients by Anand Swaminathan MD and Scott Weingart MD for a fresh perspective.
On Jan 19th, 2018 the ADRENAL Trial results were published trying once and for all to answer the question of adjunctive steroids in septic shock. Take a look at this condensed version.
Rheumatoid arthritis (Wikimedia)
Who Knew? In 1948 the first patient with rheumatoid arthritis was treated with cortisone. Between 1954 and 1958 six synthetic steroids were introduced for systemic anti-inflammatory therapy. By 1960 all of the toxic effects of chronic corticosteroid administration had been appreciated. In the 1970s the introduction of methotrexate helped restrict the dosages and indications for corticosteroids in the rheumatic diseases.