Dorothy’s original ruby slippers (Wikicommons)
Neonatal stools are a source of concern for parents and color changes can trigger a visit to the emergency department or outpatient clinic. What colors raise your index of concern for serious pathologies such as necrotizing enterocolitis, malrotation with midgut volvulus or intussusception? Plug in your thumb drive or roll out your CMES app and take a listen to Jess Mason MD and Jason Woods MD as they discuss the EM:RAP podcast called Neonatal Stool Rainbow. You won’t find the Wizard of Oz but you’ll take home some knowledge…even without your ruby slippers.
Pediatric patients at mobile clinic, Tena, Ecuador.
Each month EM:RAP offers a podcast called Pediatric Pearls. Take a listen or read the January edition titled: Pediatric Gynecology Complaints by Ilene Claudius MD and Emily Willner MD. Neonates with blood in the diaper, difficult catheterizations, and how are vaginal exams different in children are a few of the useful topics covered.
Share your experiences and advice. How does your facility manage pediatric emergencies?
Early ECG machine. Photo from Wikipedia.
According to Medscape, an online medical information site: “a heart rate of more than 160 beats per minute in infants and a respiratory rate of more than 60 per minute are associated with an increased mortality risk and often signal the development of septic shock.”
The May EM:RAP Pediatric Pearls podcast by Dr. Ilene Claudius, Dr. Sol Behar, Dr. James Salway and Dr. Liza Kearl offers prudent advice on differentiating respiratory from cardiac sources of pediatric tachycardia. Or pull up the PDF and have a fast read of the bullet points to keep your rate in check and your knowledge bounding.
Who Knew? Willem Einthoven, working in Leiden, the Netherlands, used the string galvanometer (the first practical electrocardiograph) he invented in 1901 which was more sensitive than previous 1870s inventions. He assigned the letters P, Q, R, S, and T to the waveform deflections. (Wikipedia)
With a jolt of information on button battery ingestions by pediatrician Ilene Claudius. The November 2017 EM:RAP edition has a podcast sure to shock you. From one end of the tail to the other, your patient outcomes can range from benign ingestion and passage over a few days to death.
A variety of button batteries found in toys. (Photo from Wikimedia Commons.)
The leakage of alkaline materials will cause liquefaction necrosis rapidly. (Photo from Wikimedia Commons.)
Button battery or coin? Read the EMRAP PDF or listen to the podcast to learn how to differentiate. (Photo from http://www.radiologypics.com)
The National Capital Poison Center posted the NBIH Button Battery Ingestion Triage and Treatment Guideline: https://www.poison.org/battery/guideline
Battery ingestions are no laughing matter but I can’t end without one bad joke: What did the depleted battery say to the judge? “Feel free to charge me.”